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Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and Prevention of Bad Breath

What is Bad Breath?

Bad breath is an intolerable odor from a person's mouth. It leads them to have anxiety and Psychological distress. It's also known as halitosis. It is a common problem and completely curable by following proper oral hygiene. Anyone can suffer from bad breath; Research says 1 in 4 people have bad breath regularly.

Causes of Bad Breath

Negligence in Dental Hygiene

After having a meal, We neglect dental hygiene, leading to bad breath. Breakdown of the food particle is the source of bacteria which stays longer until we wash the mouth properly. Certain foods like onion, garlic, or other food have been absorbed quickly into our mouths. It sticks in the gums for longer, leading to severe bad breath.

Usage of Tobacco Products

Using tobacco products like cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco is the primary cause of bad breath. Tobacco products have their smell. It will make bad breath even worse. Also, it causes oral cancer, gum disease, periodontal disease, irritated gums, and loss of ability to taste.

Xerostomia(Dry Mouth)

A dry mouth is one of the causes of bad breath due to a decrease in saliva production. As a result, the mouth can't clean itself to remove food particles behind the teeth and remove debris. Sometimes it happens by taking certain medicines or breathing by mouth instead of the nose.

Alcohol Consumption

Consuming alcohol makes your mouth dry. It will decrease your saliva production regularly. It will create a platform for bacteria to build up in this odor.

Digestion Issue

Constipation, Poor digestion can cause an unpleasant odor on the breath. Another thing that needs to be considered is GERD- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease-It happens when we experience acid reflux regularly. The reason is stomach acid pushes up to the esophagus. This acid causes bad breath itself.

Improper Diet

An improper diet like a low-carb diet, flavorful food & drink, high sugar diet will lead to bad breath. It has a kind of odor, so the bacteria on the tongue interact with amino acids in the foods and produce smelly sulfur compounds.

Poor Oral Health Care

Poor dental health care, such as brushing and flossing regularly. Because some of the food's microscopic particles will attach to our teeth, this will be a breeding habitat for germs. It will produce an odor, which will contribute to poor breath.

Symptoms of Bad Breath

Identifying lousy breath is easy as we know the word implies that if we have a terrible odor after having regular food, we need to consider this an issue. Some people are unaware of this bad breath or hesitate to ask their friends and family about it since it's a common problem. President and founder of Quality Dental Plan, Dan Marut, says," Ask someone you trust who will give you an honest answer."

The odor can vary depending on the causes. Sometimes it will worsen in the morning after eating particular food such as onion and garlic and consuming alcohol.

We can also do some self-assessment to find the symptoms of this bad breath. We need to lick our wrists; you can smell it after it dries. If a bad smell occurs, then it is possible to have halitosis.

Prevention of Bad Breath

Brush the Teeth Twice Daily

After having your meal, brushing your teeth twice a day is the best way to prevent bacteria from sticking inside the gum. It is the best practice to stay away from bad breath.


Flossing daily to prevent bad breath, and make sure to get in between all of your teeth. We can use an antimicrobial mouthwash to kill bacteria daily. It also reduces the buildup of food particles and plaque

Stay hydrated

Drinking plenty of water helps to stay hydrated. As a result, there is less chance of dry mouth. There is no need to have bad breath if we keep hydrated. It will increase saliva.

Follow the Proper Diet

Avoid more sugary products, spicy foods, onion, and garlic. It is linked to bad breath. Reduce consuming drugs, coffee, and alcohol. Having wild foods for breakfast helps to clean the back of the tongue.

Regular Denture Clean

It is an excellent way to reduce bad breath. We need to clean the dentures regularly to stop the invisible bacteria formation inside the mouth. It is advisable to change your toothbrush once every three months.

Brush the Tongue

Using a tongue scraper prevents your mouth from drying after having a meal. Especially for smokers, it helps a lot. Similar to brushing the teeth, there is a chance of bacteria staying on our tongues. To prevent this, we need to maintain oral hygiene.

Regular Dental Checkups

It is advisable to visit your dental specialist to examine your teeth at least once every three months. It helps us identify the problem if we have gum disease, plaque, or bad breath.

Diagnosis of Bad Breath

Generally, the diagnosis of halitosis varies depending on the person's history and mouth odor. Dentists will smell your nose, mouth, and tongue to determine the source of the odor.

There are wide varieties of detectors used to rate an order


It is used to measure the levels of specific enzymes which are produced by halitosis-causing bacteria.


It is used to detect low levels of sulfur.

Gas Chromatography

This test measures three sulfur compounds Hydrogen sulfide, Methyl mercaptan, and Dimethyl sulfide.

After finding the cause of the bad breath, the dentist will take further steps to cure it.


Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, such as a healthy diet and avoiding drugs, smoking, and drinks, will help us prevent bad breath. Especially following oral and dental hygiene is indispensable since it makes our loved ones closer. Having bad breath is a common problem and is completely curable in the modern medical world. We should pay attention to this issue, Need to consult our dentist immediately. Try to take care of your dental care regularly.

Don't hesitate to contact Sri Sakthi Dental Clinic in Coimbatore for more information on oral hygiene or to make an appointment.